History[ edit ] A series of concerts, lectures and recitals called the Glastonbury Festivals was established with a summer school in the town of Glastonbury between and by classical composer Rutland Boughton — , and with their location attracted a bohemian audience by the standards of the time. Organiser Michael Eavis decided to host the first festival, then called Pilton Festival, after seeing an open-air concert headlined by Led Zeppelin at the Bath Festival of Blues and Progressive Music at the nearby Bath and West Showground in The original headline acts were The Kinks and Wayne Fontana and the Mindbenders but these acts were replaced at short notice by Tyrannosaurus Rex, later known as T. The festival featured the first incarnation of the "Pyramid Stage". Conceived by Bill Harkin the stage was a one-tenth replica of the Great Pyramid of Giza built from scaffolding and metal sheeting and positioned over a blind spring which was found by dowsing. It was paid for by its supporters and advocates of its ideal, and embraced a mediaeval tradition of music, dance, poetry, theatre, lights, and spontaneous entertainment.
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History[ edit ] A series of concerts, lectures and recitals called the Glastonbury Festivals was established with a summer school in the town of Glastonbury between and by classical composer Rutland Boughton — , and with their location attracted a bohemian audience by the standards of the time.
Organiser Michael Eavis decided to host the first festival, then called Pilton Festival, after seeing an open-air concert headlined by Led Zeppelin at the Bath Festival of Blues and Progressive Music at the nearby Bath and West Showground in The original headline acts were The Kinks and Wayne Fontana and the Mindbenders but these acts were replaced at short notice by Tyrannosaurus Rex, later known as T.
The festival featured the first incarnation of the "Pyramid Stage". Conceived by Bill Harkin the stage was a one-tenth replica of the Great Pyramid of Giza built from scaffolding and metal sheeting and positioned over a blind spring which was found by dowsing. It was paid for by its supporters and advocates of its ideal, and embraced a mediaeval tradition of music, dance, poetry, theatre, lights, and spontaneous entertainment.
The festival was filmed by Nicolas Roeg and David Puttnam and was released as a film called simply Glastonbury Fayre. A large area of mud covered this area The s saw the festival become an annual fixture, barring periodic fallow years. That year a new Pyramid Stage was constructed from telegraph poles and metal sheeting repurposed from materials of the Ministry of Defence , a permanent structure which doubled as a hay-barn and cow-shed during the winter.
This led to certain restrictions being placed on the festival, including a crowd limit and specified times during which the stages could operate. The crowd limit was initially set at 30, but has grown every year to over , This did not prevent festival-goers from enjoying the knee-deep slurry in front of the pyramid stage.
An expanded festival returned in , and this proved a great success. In , the Pyramid Stage burned down just over a week before the festival; a temporary main stage was erected in time for the festival.
But it needed a showcase to make it legal. The giant LOVE sign inspired by The Beatles saw the attendance rise drastically due to the security fence being breached on the Friday of the festival. Estimates suggest there may have been enough fence-jumpers to double the size of the festival. This would be a pattern which would be followed every five years until , with the gap year moving to This time there was major sponsorship from The Guardian and the BBC , who had taken over televising the event from Channel 4.
This was also the year of the mud,  with the site suffering severe rainfalls which turned the entire site into a muddy bog. The festival was again overcrowded due to fence-jumpers, but this would not prove to be a major problem until the following year, when an additional , people gatecrashed the site, increasing the attendance to an estimated , people total.
The festival was headlined by Chemical Brothers , Travis and David Bowie who played 30 years after his first appearance. This led to public safety concerns and the local District Council refused any further licences until the problem was solved.
It was at this point that the Mean Fiddler Organisation was invited to help,  which was seen by some as a "sell-out" to corporate culture. The lower attendance led to a much more relaxed atmosphere and massively reduced crime levels compared to previous years.
It was also the first year that tickets sold out before the full line-up was announced. The magazine NME pronounced that would be "the third summer of love" due to the resurgence of the " shroom " that was praised as a natural alternative to ecstasy , which was said to be declining in popularity LSD fuelled the first summer of love in ; ecstasy and LSD the second in This was confirmed after the licence for was granted.
Instead, a documentary film directed by Julien Temple was released to make up for the lack of a festival. The film consists of specially shot footage by Temple at the festival, as well as footage sent in by fans and archive footage. Glastonbury was released in the UK on 14 April Designed by Emily Eavis, its main stage featured extra sets by several artists playing on the main stages including Spinal Tap, Pete Doherty and Gruff Rhys , whilst the BBC launched their new "Introducing" stage in the area.
It was difficult to find anywhere to sit down that had not turned to mud and key choke points, such as the thoroughfare at the front right of the Pyramid stage, turned into a quagmire.
Muddy conditions on the temporary roads on the periphery of the site led to delays for people leaving the site. There was no stewarding provision in these areas, no information was disseminated regarding the delays, no organised marshalling of traffic was undertaken by the festival organisers, and no provision of drinking water was made to people stranded in their vehicles.
Verbal and physical violence was witnessed between festival goers. When cars were finally allowed to leave the site the surrounding roads were found to be clear. There were reported crimes, down from in ; of these, were drug related in There was one fatality: a West Midlands man found unconscious early on the Saturday morning died in Yeovil District Hospital of a suspected drugs overdose.
She had suffered a short illness due to pancreatic cancer, for which she had refused chemotherapy and radiotherapy. She was a convert to Buddhism, and arrangements following her death respected her belief. Michael Eavis, paying tribute to her after her death, said "Her vitality and great sense of morality and social responsibility have given her a place in our festival history second to none".
Not named by the organisers, the festival goers themselves called it "Flagtopia" in reference to the flags located there. These new efforts were rewarded with The Greener Festival Award for alongside a number of other festivals also committed to environmentally friendly music festivals. According to the media, Bono was "gutted", even having written a song especially for the festival. The entire stage set from their Pandemonium Tour was brought in for the performance which was extremely well received.
This was used to construct a new bridge which was dedicated to the memory of Arabella Churchill. Michael Eavis cited the shortage and likely cost of portable toilets and policing, due to the needs of the Summer Olympics , as being amongst the reasons.
Indeed, Emily Eavis suggested that the festival itself might have been called off, such was the severity of the weather. The performance was their fifth at the festival, and a record-setting fourth as headliners. During the festival, a year-old Berkshire man suffered from a suspected reaction to Ketamine and later died in Bristol Royal Infirmary.
Blige and Paul Weller , as well as an appearance by the 14th Dalai Lama. On 28 August it was announced that hundreds of pairs of discarded wellington boots from the festival were donated to the migrant camp at Calais.
Water kiosks, where festival-goers could get any type of bottle refilled, had been introduced in Eavis ran the festival with his wife Jean until her death in , and now co-organises the event with his daughter Emily Eavis.
Some 2, stewards are organised by the aid charity Oxfam. The bars are organised by the Workers Beer Company , sponsored by Carlsberg previously Budweiser , who recruit teams of volunteer staff from small charities and campaign groups.
In return for their help, typically around 18 hours over the festival, volunteers are paid in free entry, transport and food, while their charities receive the wages the volunteers earn over the event. Catering, and some retail services, are provided by various small companies, typically mobile catering vans, with over food stalls on site in Additionally charities and organisations run promotional or educational stalls, such as the Hare Krishna tent which provide free vegetarian food.
Network Recycling manage refuse on the site, and in recycled tonnes and composted tonnes of waste from the site. Additional festival trains are provided to Castle Cary railway station , mostly from London Paddington. This is an intensive operation on the Wednesday and Thursday each year with local bus and coach operators providing these buses over the two days.
Additional extra buses normally provided by Go South Coast run from Bristol to the festival. National Express provide extra coaches direct to the festival site from major UK towns and much of this work is subcontracted to smaller coach operators to provide the capacity required.
The stage has audio speakers. There are 8. On stage there are microphones and lightbulbs. The power generated is enough to power the city of Bath and the Pyramid Stage is powered by 4 generators itself.
He really is the hero of the hour.
Street map & a map of Glastonbury
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Glastonbury reveal 2019 festival map showing new additions