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He was the son of Matthew Creelman, who was engaged in inspecting boilers, and Martha Dunwoodie. His parents were descendants of Scots but his father lived in Ireland before moving to Montreal.

When he was only 14 years old, he and his family moved to New York, United States. There he became very interested in laws and literature. His skills caught the attention of Thomas De Witt, one of the most important reformers of the Catholic Church of the nineteenth century in the American nation.

In addition, he obtained the tutelage of the Republican figure Roscoe Conkling, who was party leader and member of the US House of Representatives. He married Allice Leffinwell in , with whom he had four children.

He had a successful professional life, but a relatively short life. His first job was in an episcopal newspaper in the city, then he went through the Brooklyn Eagle until arriving at the prestigious New York Herald.

In addition to his odyssey with Paul Boyton, he personally reported the conflict between the Hatfields and the McCoys, a confrontation between two American rural families living in West Virginia. This event lasted several years and became part of the history of the United States as part of local folklore, as well as a source of family honor. He also interviewed the famous aboriginal leader"Sitting Bull" Sitting Bull, according to his faithful translation into Spanish.

This native American was one of the leaders of the resistance against the government of the United States, before being assassinated in when police forces tried to arrest him. War of Cuba and Spain In addition, Creelman covered the development of tensions and the war between Spain and Cuba that took place in As was the custom for most of the war reporters of the time, he carried a gun with him during his investigations. He strongly supported the Cuban resistance in the war.

In fact, when he was covering the battle of El Caney for the New York newspaper with which he worked, he asked the American general who was in charge of a raid on a Spanish warehouse to let him join the battle. The general finally agreed to let him move forward.

However, when taking the flag, the journalist got up in front of a trench that still had Spanish soldiers and threw it several times into the wind. The soldiers, furious, shot several times against Creelman, wounding him in the back and in one of his arms. Style His journalistic style was according to how he used to carry out this profession at the time. During his interviews he used to listen to the interviewee as much as he intervened. He had a fairly pronounced ego, and on one occasion he even delivered a sermon to the pope about the relationship between Protestants and Catholics.

However, Creelman was recognized as one of the most important journalists at the time when he was exercising his professional role. The dictator was the one who contacted the journalist to grant him the interview and ask him to make an extensive article about it. In the same way, it has not been possible to understand why he decided to promise things that he finally did not fulfill; especially of subjects as delicate as his not re-election.

There are those who believe that the reason he said this was because he thought that the interview would be directed exclusively to a foreign audience and he wanted to give a good image of himself to the world. However, other authors believe that the reason was because Mexico was having economic difficulties at the time, and thought that the news would serve to appease the waters and keep the Mexican people happy.

It is believed that it could have been also to bring to light those who did not sympathize with his ideology or even to persuade his followers to ask him to run again for the elections. The official article of this meeting was published on February 17, and then, on March 3 of the same year, its Spanish version was published in a newspaper known as The Impartial , in Mexico City. The presidential elections were to take place in and by that time Porfirio Diaz was going to be 80 years old.

Therefore, he announced that he would not participate in these elections. In addition, he encouraged the formation of other political parties, which had been prohibited during the course of the 30 years of his regime. The truth is that the result of the interview was catastrophic for the Porfiriato. This caused a revolt that led to the Mexican Revolution and the subsequent overthrow of Diaz in Taken from encyclopedia. Taken from porfiriodiaz.

Taken from poemhunter. Taken from wikipedia.


Entrevista Díaz-Creelman

El editor. Esto, en el momento en que el alma norteamericana teme y se estremece a la sola idea de tener un mismo presidente por tres periodos electorales consecutivos. El sol daba con fuerza en la cara del presidente, pero sus ojos no se cerraron, resistiendo a la dura prueba. Las aletas de su nariz se ensanchaban. Estoy de acuerdo con este sentimiento. Veo los monopolios como un gran poder verdadero en los Estados Unidos, y el presidente Roosevelt ha tenido el patriotismo y el valor de desafiarlos.


James Creelman: Biography


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