Integrative Multitheoretical Psychotherapy explores how various theories may be successfully synthesized and describes this new approach by providing an overview of some of the ways in which In order to meet the diverse needs of clients, many therapists are moving toward a more integrated approach to psychotherapy that considers many different theoretical approaches. Integrative Multitheoretical Psychotherapy explores how various theories may be successfully synthesized and describes this new approach by providing an overview of some of the ways in which psychotherapy has become more complex during the latter half of the twentieth century. The text explores how the various theories may be successfully synthesized. Brooks-Harris outlines seven theoretical models cognitive, behavioral, experiential-humanistic, bio-psycho-social, psychodynamic-interpersonal, systemic-constructivist, and multicultural-feminist for conceptualizing clients and guiding interventions.
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Strategy-based Relational Being intentional involves making informed choices about the focus of treatment, theoretical conceptualization, intervention strategies, and relational stances. MTP encourages counselors to think in a multidimensional manner, recognizing the rich interaction between thoughts, actions, and feelings within the context of biology, interpersonal patterns, social systems, and cultural contexts.
MTP uses a multitheoretical framework to organize training and treatment. Psychotherapists can use a combination of theories to formulate a multitheoretical conceptualization to understand clients and guide interventions. The combination of theorical ideas and interventions is based on the individual needs of clients. MTP encourages therapists to work interactively with thoughts, actions, and feelings: Cognitive strategies are used to encourage functional thoughts Behavioral interventions promote effective actions Experiential-humanistic skills can be used to explore adaptive feelings and personal experiences.
Counselors are also encouraged to use theories that explore contextual dimensions that shape thinking, acting, and feeling Biopsychosocial strategies focus on biology and result in adaptive health practices Psychodynamic-interpersonal interventions are used to understand and modify interpersonal patterns Systemic-constructivist skills are used to explore family and social systems and encourage adaptive personal narratives Multicultural-feminist strategies encourage clients to adapt to cultural contexts and overcome oppression MTP training involves building a repertoire of key strategies drawn from different theoretical approaches.
Key strategies have been described using strategy markers suggesting when a particular skill will be most useful and expected consequences predicting the likely outcome of a specific intervention. Training also involves learning how to combine ideas and strategies from different theories based on the individual needs of clients. Integrative treatment planning involves conducting a multidimensional survey, establishing an interactive focus on two or three dimensions, formulating a multitheoretical conceptualization, and choosing intervention strategies corresponding to focal dimensions.
The Brooks-Harris text describes applications of MTP to depression, anxiety, substance abuse, and health problems. As a second-generation model of integrative psychotherapy , MTP combines features of earlier approaches.
Like Larry E. Multimodal therapy MMT is an approach to psychotherapy devised by psychologist Arnold Lazarus, who originated the term behavior therapy in psychotherapy.
It is based on the idea that humans are biological beings that think, feel, act, sense, imagine, and interact—and that psychological treatment should address each of these modalities. Multimodal assessment and treatment follows seven reciprocally influential dimensions of personality known by their acronym BASIC I.
The model is composed of constructs such as: stages of change, processes of change, levels of change, self-efficacy, and decisional balance. Larry E. Beutler ABPP is a clinical psychologist.
Related Research Articles Psychotherapy is the use of psychological methods, particularly when based on regular personal interaction, to help a person change behavior and overcome problems in desired ways. Certain psychotherapies are considered evidence-based for treating some diagnosed mental disorders.
Others have been criticized as pseudoscience. Group psychotherapy or group therapy is a form of psychotherapy in which one or more therapists treat a small group of clients together as a group. The term can legitimately refer to any form of psychotherapy when delivered in a group format, including cognitive behavioural therapy or interpersonal therapy, but it is usually applied to psychodynamic group therapy where the group context and group process is explicitly utilised as a mechanism of change by developing, exploring and examining interpersonal relationships within the group.
Transactional analysis TA is a psychoanalytic theory and method of therapy wherein social transactions are analyzed to determine the ego state of the patient as a basis for understanding behavior. In transactional analysis, the patient is taught to alter the ego state as a way to solve emotional problems. The method deviates from Freudian psychoanalysis which focuses on increasing awareness of the contents of unconsciously held ideas. Eric Berne developed the concept and paradigm of transactional analysis in the late s.
Counseling psychology is a psychological specialty that encompasses research and applied work in several broad domains: counseling process and outcome; supervision and training; career development and counseling; and prevention and health. Some unifying themes among counseling psychologists include a focus on assets and strengths, person—environment interactions, educational and career development, brief interactions, and a focus on intact personalities.
Motivational therapy is a combination of humanistic treatment and enhanced cognitive-behavioral strategies, designed to treat substance abuse. It is similar to motivational interviewing and motivational enhancement therapy. Interpersonal psychotherapy IPT is a brief, attachment-focused psychotherapy that centers on resolving interpersonal problems and symptomatic recovery. It is an empirically supported treatment EST that follows a highly structured and time-limited approach and is intended to be completed within 12—16 weeks.
IPT is based on the principle that relationships and life events impact mood and that the reverse is also true. It was developed by Gerald Klerman and Myrna Weissman for major depression in the s and has since been adapted for other mental disorders. IPT is an empirically validated intervention for depressive disorders, and is more effective when used in combination with psychiatric medications.
Along with cognitive behavioral therapy CBT , IPT is recommended in treatment guidelines as a psychosocial treatment of choice, and IPT and CBT are the only psychosocial interventions in which psychiatry residents in the United States are mandated to be trained for professional practice. Crisis intervention is an immediate and short-term psychological care aimed at assisting individuals in a crisis situation in order to restore equilibrium to their bio-psycho-social functioning and to minimize the potential of long-term psychological trauma.
Emotionally focused therapy and emotion-focused therapy EFT are a family of related approaches to psychotherapy with individuals, couples, or families. EFT approaches include elements of experiential therapy, systemic therapy, and attachment theory. EFT is usually a short-term treatment. EFT approaches are based on the premise that human emotions are connected to human needs, and therefore emotions have an innately adaptive potential that, if activated and worked through, can help people change problematic emotional states and interpersonal relationships.
Emotion-focused therapy for individuals was originally known as process-experiential therapy, and it is still sometimes called by that name. Face-Negotiation Theory is a theory conceived by Stella Ting-Toomey in , to understand how people from different cultures manage rapport and disagreements.
The theory posited "face", or self-image when communicating with others, as a universal phenomenon that pervades across cultures. This set of communicative behaviors, according to the theory, is called "facework". Since people frame the situated meaning of "face" and enact "facework" differently from one culture to the next, the theory poses a cultural-general framework to examine facework negotiation.
It is important to note that the definition of face varies depending on the people and their culture and the same can be said for the proficiency of facework. Ivan Boszormenyi-Nagy was a Hungarian-American psychiatrist and one of the founders of the field of family therapy.
He emigrated from Hungary to the United States in , and he simplified his name to Ivan Boszormenyi-Nagy at the time of his naturalization as a US citizen. The hypostatic model of personality is a view asserting that humans present themselves in many different aspects or hypostases, depending on the internal and external realities they relate to, including different approaches to the study of personality.
It is both a dimensional model and an aspect theory, in the sense of the concept of multiplicity. The model falls into the category of complex, biopsychosocial approaches to personality.
Clinical behavior analysis is the clinical application of behavior analysis ABA. CBA represents a movement in behavior therapy away from methodological behaviorism and back toward radical behaviorism and the use of functional analytic models of verbal behavior—particularly, relational frame theory RFT.
Interpersonal communication is an exchange of information between two or more people. It is also an area of study and research that seeks to understand how humans use verbal and nonverbal cues to accomplish a number of personal and relational goals. Generally, interpersonal communication research has contributed to at least six distinct categories of inquiry: 1 how humans adjust and adapt their verbal communication and nonverbal communication during face-to-face communication, 2 the processes of message production, 3 how uncertainty influences our behavior and information-management strategies, 4 deceptive communication, 5 relational dialectics, and 6 social interaction that is mediated by technology.
Family therapy, also referred to as couple and family therapy, marriage and family therapy, family systems therapy, and family counseling, is a branch of psychotherapy that works with families and couples in intimate relationships to nurture change and development. It tends to view change in terms of the systems of interaction between family members. It emphasizes family relationships as an important factor in psychological health. Relapse prevention RP is a cognitive-behavioral approach to relapse with the goal of identifying and preventing high-risk situations such as substance abuse, obsessive-compulsive behavior, sexual offending, obesity, and depression.
It is an important component in the treatment process for alcoholism, or alcohol dependence. Clinical mental health counseling is a distinct profession with national standards for education, training, and clinical practice. Clinical mental health counselors operate from a wellness perspective, which emphasizes moving toward optimal human functioning in mind, body, and spirit, and away from distress, dysfunction, and mental illness.
Counselors also frequently take a team approach, collaborating with other mental health professionals to provide the most comprehensive care possible for the client.
References Brooks-Harris, J. Integrative Multitheoretical Psychotherapy. Boston: Houghton-Mifflin. External links.
Strategy-based Relational Being intentional involves making informed choices about the focus of treatment, theoretical conceptualization, intervention strategies, and relational stances. MTP encourages counselors to think in a multidimensional manner, recognizing the rich interaction between thoughts, actions, and feelings within the context of biology, interpersonal patterns, social systems, and cultural contexts. MTP uses a multitheoretical framework to organize training and treatment. Psychotherapists can use a combination of theories to formulate a multitheoretical conceptualization to understand clients and guide interventions. The combination of theorical ideas and interventions is based on the individual needs of clients.
Initially, Sigmund Freud developed a talking cure called psychoanalysis ; then he wrote about his therapy and popularized psychoanalysis. After Freud, many different disciplines splintered off. Some of the more common therapies include: psychodynamic psychotherapy , transactional analysis , cognitive behavioral therapy , gestalt therapy , body psychotherapy , family systems therapy , person-centered psychotherapy , and existential therapy. Hundreds of different theories of psychotherapy are practiced Norcross, , p. A new therapy is born in several stages. After being trained in an existing school of psychotherapy, the therapist begins to practice.