To Memorable Literature! Iser has an interesting moment on page , a few pages into the essay. No surprises here and none to follow, but he does articulate the situation admirably: What is concealed spurs the reader into action, but this action is also controlled by what is revealed; the explicit in its turn is transformed when the implicit has been brought to light" But since that explicit must be a re-creation that the reader carries in mind on the fly during reading, the explicit or elements thereof must contain something like what Kristeva describes as chora in Revolution in Poetic Language. That is, the system here would seem to be that the reader approaches with ideas relatively fixed by experience, and re-interprets the text in accord with these. The text draws the reader into activities in which the reader projects his or her own ideas into unforseen situations, evaluates the results, and eventually revaluates the original ideas based on the results.
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India Intrection between text and the reader The present critical essay of wolfgang iser is an attempt to explain the nature of interaction and relationship between a literary text and a reader. Iser tries to focus on what actually happens when a reader picks up a text for the purpose of reading.
Commenting on the nature of interaction between a text and a reader, Iser explains that every text has got poles - the aesthetic pole and the artistic pole. An actual text is a combination of how reader interprets and what the writer intense? Iser tries to explain the nature of interaction between a text and a reader stating that it is a complex process but the relationship is not just like between a transmitter and a receiver.
A transmitter can only transmute and a receiver can only receive. A receiver has no capacity to transmute and the same way a transmitter has no capacity receive. The link between these two scientific instruments is just like one way traffic. The interaction between a text and a reader stands in a sharp contract to it.
When a reader reads a text, he performs a receiver and the text is a transmitter. But that when reader reacts upon that text, he reader steps in the role of a transmitter and the text becomes the receiver. The interaction between text and reader is a complex process and it is a governed by certain conditions. Those conditions or factors have their own influence on the interaction between text and reader. The elements of space also are significant role in the interaction.
The depth of the reader and his own understanding has their own influence on the interaction. A more performed reader can interact better than an average reader. He explains the complex nature of interaction between text and reader by giving the example of interpersonal relation and interaction between two individuals.
He refers ti the Tavistock school of Psychology which was very popular in s and s. It was established by a Scottish psychology named R. According to Laing , a person can never see himself as he seen by others but he constantly believes and supposes that he is seen and felt in a particular way by other an accordingly he forms his interaction and behavior with others.
Laing Mentions " Your experience of me is invisible to me and my experience of you is invisible to you. I can not experience your experience and you can not experience my experience.
Finally as per our supposition and interpretation. We interact with others. Iser calls that invisibility of experience "No-thing". He makes it clear that the interaction between text and reader does not resemble exactly the interaction between person and person. Those differences are as under: A The interaction between person and person is generally face to face which is not possible in case of an interaction between text and reader because as such one is animate while the other is inanimate and yet interaction takes place.
B The second point of difference between both the interactions is that the interaction between person and person is an objective base both the person is no their objective and accordingly they interacts.
In other words, that objective governs the interaction between two individuals. Iser gives a reply to this problem stating that the "No-thing" of a literary text governs the interaction between text and reader. Here he explains the actual process of interaction text and reader. They activate the reader for the process of ideation. A reader indulging in to the process of ideation as per his understanding logic and thinking.
This is how the interaction continues between a text and a reader through concealment and revelation. The reader no more remains a reader but becomes a participant in the interaction. He has to response to the no-thing of a text but as per the design of the author.
He has to observe certain invisible boundary lines prepared by the author and accordingly the process of ideation takes place. Get link.
Key Theories of Wolfgang Iser
Iser posits an active role for readers, who participate in the meaning-making process of textual creation through the act of reading. For Iser, reading is propelled by the reactions and responses of readers. Still, the interactions are in large part determined by the subjectivity of the reader. This subjective element, however, cannot overdetermine the interaction that takes place and Iser is careful to frequently warn against assuming that interpretations and texts "[disappear] into the private world of [their] individual readers. For Iser, literary texts require readers to actualize them and the fulfillment of the potential reading of a text which is actualized represents a kind of conversation between the text and the reader: "The literary text, then, exists primarily as a means of communication, while the process of reading is basically a kind of dyadic interaction" Act, This communication should not be viewed as uni-directional.
Wolfgang Iser, “Interaction Between Text and Reader,” 1980
His point here is that reading is an active and creative process. This does not mean that any reading will be appropriate. When we read expository texts of science or philosophy, for example , we look for our expectations to be confirmed. But we regard such confirmation in literary works as a defect, since we are likely to be bored if a text merely rehearses what we already know and if our imagination is not called upon to work IR, Iser draws attention to two important features of the reading process. The first is that reading is a temporal activity, and one that is not linear. As readers, we cannot absorb even a short text in a single moment, nor does the fictional world of the text pass in linear fashion before our eyes IR, ,
Biography[ edit ] Wolfgang Iser was born in Marienberg , Germany. His parents were Paul and Else Steinbach Iser. A year later, Iser was appointed as an instructor at Heidelberg and in as an assistant lecturer at the University of Glasgow. There, Iser began to explore contemporary philosophy and literature, which deepened his interest in inter-cultural exchange.