The Tanya deals with Jewish spirituality , psychology and theology from the point of view of Hasidic philosophy and its inner explanations of Kabbalah Jewish mysticism. It offers advice for each individual on how to serve God in their daily life. Early Hasidic movement[ edit ] The first few generations of the Hasidic movement established the various approaches of its different schools. Among them, Schneur Zalman articulated a different approach to Hasidic Philosophy from general Hasidism. The founding Hasidic mysticism of the Baal Shem Tov , and subsequent Hasidic Masters, emphasised the emotions of dveikus to cleave to the Omnipresent Divine.
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Chapters 18 and 19 of the Tanya describe the superrational nature of the neshama soul — the fire and the power in every Jew. The next chapters explain how to make use of this potency on a regular basis. Chapter 20 and half of chapter 21 discuss achdus the unity of G-d. This means, that not only is G-d one but that the Creation is one with Him. Firstly, because it is created from a word. Secondly, because that word continues to be one with Him.
The second half of chapters 21 and 22 discuss Creation as Man perceives it - a real separated entity from G-d. The worlds of kedusha spiritual worlds - not withstanding their bitul nullification - are also separate from Him. Chapters 23 and 24 apply the theoretical notions of achdus oneness and avodah zara idol worship — literally alien worship discussed in chapters Chapter 23 discusses mitzvos and Torah — each mitzvah is a merkava a chariot for the unity of G-d.
Torah is the unity itself. Chapter 24 discusses averos sins and avodah zara. Each avera sin is a merkava for the plurality of Creation — avodah zara is the plurality itself. The same is true in the converse for all averos. The Alter Rebbe argues, that any distinction drawn between one mitzvah and another is rooted in ruach shtus a spirit of folly.
The conclusion is that this mindset — that in reality all mitzvos are equal and all sins are equal - can motivate a person to do all mitzvos and never to sin in the same way one would not worship idols. This is a powerful class and the discussion of Chapter 26 in particular provides practical steps for everyone to fight off the yetzer hara evil inclination on a daily basis.
You do not need the previous classes to understand this class.
El Tania del Día Likutei Amarim, Capítulo 28