NEUMONIA AFEBRIL DEL LACTANTE PDF

Community-Acquired Pneumonia in children. Pediatr Infect Dis J. Penicillin-resistant pneumococcus and risk of treatment failure in pneumonia. Copy of Neumonia afebril del lactante by Manuela Zapata on Prezi Azithromycin is as effective and better tolerated than erythromycin estolate for the treatment of pertussis. We excluded patients with incomplete or lost medical histories. Supplemental Content Full text links.

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E-mail: oc. Email: oc. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Introduction: Afebrile pneumonia syndrome in infants, also called infant pneumonitis, pneumonia caused by atypical pathogens or whooping cough syndrome is a major cause of severe lower respiratory infection in young infants, both in developing countries and in developed countries.

Objective: To describe children with afebrile pneumonia syndrome. Methods: Through a cross-sectional study, we reviewed the medical records of children diagnosed with afebrile pneumonia treated at Hospital Universitario del Valle, a reference center in southwestern Colombia, between June and December We obtained data on maternal age and origin, prenatal care, the childs birth, breastfeeding, vaccination status, symptoms, signs, diagnosis, treatment, and complications.

Results: We evaluated children with this entity, noting a stationary presentation: June-August and November- December. Conclusions: These data support the hypothesis that most of these patients acquired the disease by airway, possibly caused by viral infection and did not require the indiscriminate use of macrolides.

Introduction Acute respiratory infection ARI is the most common disease in humans. Infection of the lower airways, mainly pneumonia, in ranked third in the world as cause of death, considering all ages and the leading cause of mortality in children younger than five years of age 1 - 3.

In Colombia, pneumonia in ranked 16th as cause of disease burden, considering all ages and fourth place in children between 0 and 4 years of age 4. Afebril pneumonia in infants can cause severe respiratory distress, with atelectasis, apnea, hypoxic encephalopathy, seizures, and mortality, mainly in children under six months of age, premature infants, and infants whose mothers were very young 5 , 6. A group of children with this syndrome, acquired through the birth canal of infected mothers or carriers of Chlamydia trachomatis, Ureaplasma urealyticum, and Cytomegalovirus 7.

Another group, acquired by airborne respiratory syncytial virus, adenovirus, para-influenza, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, and M. No tests were performed in these children to determine the causal agent and all were initiated in empirical treatment with macrolides to cover C. Given the aforementioned, it was decided by this study to describe children with afebrile pneumonia syndrome whooping cough , who attended a reference center, Hospital Universitario del Valle.

Materials and Methods Through a cross-sectional study, we reviewed the medical records of children admitted to the emergency department at Hospital Universitario del Valle, between June and December , a reference center in southwestern Colombia, with the following inclusion criteria: young infants, with respiratory symptoms of rhinorrhea, dry cough, in entrances, spasmodic and cyanotic.

We excluded patients with incomplete or lost medical histories. Plan of analysis: the variables with missing data like maternal occupation, number of sexual partners, and home treatments administered to the child were removed. A description of the study population was performed. Discrete variables were described with absolute and relative frequency distributions. Finally, we compared measurements between those who required or did not require intensive care unit by using relative frequencies, Chi2 test, and for the means, the student t test.

Ethical Aspects: In keeping with the scientific, technical, and administrative standards for Health Research, Resolution No.

Results In the 7-year period assessed, children were admitted with a diagnosis of afebrile pneumonia in infants, noting that from 3 to 6 cases per year between and , it increased to 17 to 34 cases per year after With a greater number of admissions during the months of June to August in the first half of the year and during November-December in the second half Fig.

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